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【SpringBoot】SpringBoot-Admin 服务监控 + 告警通知

2023-07-13

简单介绍

Spring Boot Actuator 是 Spring Boot 自带的一个功能模块,
提供了一组已经开箱即用的生产环境下常用的特性和服务,比如应用程序的健康检查、信息暴露、度量收集、日志记录等。
在实际项目中,Actuator 可以帮助我们快速了解应用程序的运行状态和性能瓶颈。

整合SpringBoot-Admin监控,Spring Boot Admin 就是将 Spring Boot Actuator中提供的endpoint信息可视化展示。

环境

Springboot: 2.1.1.RELEASE

注意:不同的SpringBoot版本,所用到的依赖会不一致。本版本亲测可用哦。

服务端简单搭建

核心依赖


<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>de.codecentric</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-admin-starter-server</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.6</version>
</dependency>

<dependency>
    <groupId>de.codecentric</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-admin-server-ui-login</artifactId>
    <version>1.5.7</version>
</dependency>

启动类


@EnableAdminServer //开启admin服务端
@SpringBootApplication
public class BootAdminServerApplication {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        SpringApplication.run(BootAdminServerApplication.class, args);
    }

}

配置文件

server:
  port: 8001
  servlet:
    context-path: /admin-server
spring:
  application:
    name: admin-server

启动服务后,访问:http://localhost:8001/admin-server

在这里插入图片描述

安全认证

核心依赖


<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-security</artifactId>
</dependency>

SecuritySecureConfig 拦截器Code


@EnableWebSecurity
@Configuration
public class SecuritySecureConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

    private final String adminContextPath;

    public SecuritySecureConfig(AdminServerProperties adminServer) {
        this.adminContextPath = adminServer.getContextPath();
    }

    @Override
    protected void configure(HttpSecurity http) throws Exception {
        SavedRequestAwareAuthenticationSuccessHandler successHandler = new SavedRequestAwareAuthenticationSuccessHandler();
        successHandler.setTargetUrlParameter("redirectTo");
        successHandler.setDefaultTargetUrl(adminContextPath + "/");

        http.authorizeRequests()
                .antMatchers(adminContextPath + "/login",
                        adminContextPath + "/assets/**",
                        adminContextPath + "/manage/**",
                        adminContextPath + "/actuator/**",
                        adminContextPath + "/login.html"
                ).permitAll()
                .anyRequest().authenticated()
                .and()
                .formLogin().loginPage(adminContextPath + "/login").successHandler(successHandler)
                .and()
                .logout().logoutUrl(adminContextPath + "/logout")
                .and()
                .httpBasic()
                .and()
                .csrf().disable();
    }

}

修改配置

新增以下配置

spring:
  security:
    user:
      name: admin
      password: admin

启动服务后,访问:http://localhost:8001/admin-server

在这里插入图片描述

输入用户名,密码即可。

客户端

核心依赖

  <!--加入spring-boot-admin连接端-->
<dependency>
    <groupId>de.codecentric</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-admin-starter-client</artifactId>
    <version>2.1.6</version>
</dependency>

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
    <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>

配置文件

如果你不想开启安全认证请参考以下的配置。

admin-server 未开启安全认证


server:
  port: 7001

spring:
  application:
    name: admin-client
  # 配置spring-boot-admin服务端的地址
  boot:
    admin:
      client:
        url: 'http://localhost:8001/admin-server'

#展示全部细节信息
management:
  endpoints:
    web:
      exposure:
        include: '*'
  #允许admin工程远程停止本应用
  endpoint:
    health:
      enabled: true
      show-details: always
    shutdown:
      enabled: true

admin-server 开启安全认证

server:
  port: 7001

spring:
  application:
    name: admin-client
  # 配置spring-boot-admin服务端的地址
  boot:
    admin:
      client:
        url: 'http://localhost:8001/admin-server'
        username: admin
        password: admin

#展示全部细节信息
management:
  endpoints:
    web:
      exposure:
        include: '*'
  #允许admin工程远程停止本应用
  endpoint:
    health:
      enabled: true
      show-details: always
    shutdown:
      enabled: true

查看Admin-Server端页面
在这里插入图片描述

在这里插入图片描述

如何实现服务 告警通知

当我们的服务发生异常时, 可以通过邮件、微信、钉钉等发送告警信息。

Server 端新增以下配置类。

@Component
public class AdminNotifier extends AbstractStatusChangeNotifier {

    private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(AdminNotifier.class);

    /**
     * 消息模板
     */
    private static final String template = "<<<%s>>> \n 【服务名】: %s(%s) \n 【状态】: %s(%s) \n 【服务ip】: %s \n 【详情】: %s";

    private String titleAlarm = "系统告警";

    private String titleNotice = "系统通知";

    private String[] ignoreChanges = new String[]{"UNKNOWN:UP", "DOWN:UP", "OFFLINE:UP"};

    public AdminNotifier(InstanceRepository repository) {
        super(repository);
    }

    @Override
    protected boolean shouldNotify(InstanceEvent event, Instance instance) {
        if (!(event instanceof InstanceStatusChangedEvent)) {
            return false;
        } else {
            InstanceStatusChangedEvent statusChange = (InstanceStatusChangedEvent) event;
            String from = this.getLastStatus(event.getInstance());
            String to = statusChange.getStatusInfo().getStatus();
            return Arrays.binarySearch(this.ignoreChanges, from + ":" + to) < 0 && Arrays.binarySearch(this.ignoreChanges, "*:" + to) < 0 && Arrays.binarySearch(this.ignoreChanges, from + ":*") < 0;
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected Mono<Void> doNotify(InstanceEvent event, Instance instance) {

        return Mono.fromRunnable(() -> {

            if (event instanceof InstanceStatusChangedEvent) {
                log.info("Instance {} ({}) is {}", instance.getRegistration().getName(),
                        event.getInstance(),
                        ((InstanceStatusChangedEvent) event).getStatusInfo().getStatus());
                String status = ((InstanceStatusChangedEvent) event).getStatusInfo().getStatus();
                String messageText = null;
                switch (status) {
                    // 健康检查没通过
                    case "DOWN":
                        log.info("发送 健康检查没通过 的通知!");
                        messageText = String
                                .format(template, titleAlarm, instance.getRegistration().getName(), event.getInstance(),
                                        ((InstanceStatusChangedEvent) event).getStatusInfo().getStatus(), "健康检查没通过通知",
                                        instance.getRegistration().getServiceUrl(), JSONObject.toJSONString(instance.getStatusInfo().getDetails()));
                        log.info(messageText);
                        break;
                    // 服务离线
                    case "OFFLINE":
                        log.info("发送 服务离线 的通知!");
                        messageText = String
                                .format(template, titleAlarm, instance.getRegistration().getName(), event.getInstance(),
                                        ((InstanceStatusChangedEvent) event).getStatusInfo().getStatus(), "服务离线通知",
                                        instance.getRegistration().getServiceUrl(), JSONObject.toJSONString(instance.getStatusInfo().getDetails()));
                        log.info(messageText);
                        break;
                    //服务上线
                    case "UP":
                        log.info("发送 服务上线 的通知!");
                        messageText = String
                                .format(template, titleNotice, instance.getRegistration().getName(), event.getInstance(),
                                        ((InstanceStatusChangedEvent) event).getStatusInfo().getStatus(), "服务上线通知",
                                        instance.getRegistration().getServiceUrl(), JSONObject.toJSONString(instance.getStatusInfo().getDetails()));
                        log.info(messageText);
                        break;
                    // 服务未知异常
                    case "UNKNOWN":
                        log.info("发送 服务未知异常 的通知!");
                        messageText = String
                                .format(template, titleAlarm, instance.getRegistration().getName(), event.getInstance(),
                                        ((InstanceStatusChangedEvent) event).getStatusInfo().getStatus(), "服务未知异常通知",
                                        instance.getRegistration().getServiceUrl(), JSONObject.toJSONString(instance.getStatusInfo().getDetails()));
                        log.info(messageText);
                        break;
                    default:
                        break;
                }
            } else {
                log.info("Instance {} ({}) {}", instance.getRegistration().getName(), event.getInstance(),
                        event.getType());
            }
        });
    }
}

如下图所示:

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